Sagarmatha National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
September 4, 2023
Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Solukhumbu district in Nepal's northeastern area. It is named after Mt. Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepali). It was established in 19th July 1976 AD and encompasses an area about 1,148 square kilometers in the Himalayas. Sagarmatha National Park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979 AD due to its geographical distinctive characteristics.
Sagarmatha National Park is popular for its breathtaking natural beauty, which includes snow-capped mountains, glaciers, hills, and deep valleys. It is home to several high peaks, including the world's highest peak, Mt. Everest (8,848 meters), as well as the above 6,000m peaks Ama Dablam (Fish Tail), Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumori, and Cho Oyu. There is the Dudh Koshi Valley, which features a unique cultured Sherpa community. The park has several rivers, including the Dudh Koshi, Bhote Khoshi, and Imja Khola. It also includes multiple glaciers, namely Ngozumpa, Khumbu, Imja, and Nangpa.
Sagarmatha National Park is well-known for its rich plants, birds and animals. The park is home to a variety of rarest and dangerous wildlife, including the snow leopard, red panda, Himalayan black bear, and musk deer. It also serves as habitat to over 200 bird species, including Nepal's national bird, the beautiful Danphe (Himalayan monal). It has mostly pine, juniper, birch, and hemlock trees.
Every year, hundreds of trekkers and mountaineers from all over the world visit the park. This park is home to the popular Everest Base Camp Trek. The Tengboche Monastery is one of the most important Buddhist monasteries in the park. Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche etc. are also fomous monasteries in this park.
Furthermore, Sagarmatha National Park is inhabited by the Sherpa community, who are known for their mountaineering abilities, hospital, and unique traditions and customs.
Each trekker and climber must have a permit card for entering Sagarmatha National Park and hire a local professional guide. The Nepalese government has been applying serious laws and regulations in order to preserve the ecosystem of Sagarmatha National Park, natural resources, and the sustainability of the environment. Sagarmatha National Park has many attractions to offer adventurers and nature lovers.